Szekler seats were of Judicial Administration Unit Székely Transylvanian mentioned from the third decade of the century XIV.
In the second half of the twelfth century, the region of Transylvania was under the suzerainty of the Kingdom of Hungary and was divided in several countries. In terms of administrative-territorial, city inhabited by Székely was organized in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the chairs. The notion of “seats” derive their name from their function of judicial (court seats, wide. Sedesa judiciary), and is constantly used written sources until the beginning of XIV century. Szekler seats had a strong military. Each chair was headed by a captain Seckler (lat. major exercitus, capitaneus) and a judge of the earth (lat. judex SEDIS or judex terrestris), which is then added and royal judge (lat. judex registers). All these administrative-territorial unit were driven in turn by the Committees Székely (lat. Comes Siculorum) function that, in terms of its political importance, was the second dignity in the region of Transylvania.
Miercurea Ciuc (Csíkszereda Hungarian, German Szeklerburg) is the capital and largest city of Harghita County, Transylvania, Romania. The city is attested for the first time as Csíkszereda in a letter dated 1558, referring to the weekly fairs held here on Wednesday. By the interwar period was the city’s Romanian name Cicului Sereda, after which the name was translated into its present form.
The first authentic document attesting to the city known as the “city field” is the letter of privileges granted by Queen Izabella, mother of John Sigismund, prince of Transylvania, dated August 5, 1558, in which city residents exempt of taxes due tributes outside the gates High Ottoman.
Construction begins on city April 26, 1623 by order of Francis Miko (1585-1635), adviser to the prince Gabriel Bethlen, diplomat, chronicler, captain seat Ciuc. Fortress is rebuilt in its present form between 1714-1716 under the Imperial General Count Stephan Steinwille event witnessed by the inscription placed above the stone entrance gate of the city.
Franciscan monastery Sumuleu
Franciscan Monastery of the Sumuleu Ciuc was built by John Hunyadi in 1443.The church is dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul, is built in baroque and has one of the largest organs in Romania. It is found alongside Baroque altar and a statue of the Virgin Mary with Child.
Franciscan Monastery of the Sumuleu Ciuc is where the annual Pentecost gather hundreds of thousands of faithful Roman Catholics to take part in religious ceremonies occasioned by this event.
Legend says that in 1661 the Turkish-Tatar attacks, church caught fire and the only song that was often not touched by fire was the statue of Our Lady with Child.Seeing this miracle invaders wanted to take the statue with them nor with the power of 800 horses were unable to budge.Then trouble struck a tatar hit the statue with sword and statue bled and wept.
Pilgrimage of Pentecost, the Monastery Şumuleu Ciuc