Moti country

           Moti country

   Stone Land, known as the Stone Country is a region of Romania ethnical located in the Apuseni Mountains, the river basin of River and White River. Includes portions of the present counties of Alba, Arad, Bihor, Cluj and Hunedoara. A portion of the region is part of the Apuseni Natural Park.
   Country residents are called Moti Motilor. Some scholars consider the moţi descendants of the Celts, because of their blonde hair and blue eyes, elements more common here than among Romanians, the hypothesis is not accepted by mainstream historians, the lack of consistency.   Other theories have them as descendants of the Slavs, the same reason, or Alan, or the Germanic tribes (Gepids). Due to their blonde hair and blue eyes were so far made more than 70 theories about their origin.
   First, and most widely accepted is that they are direct descendants of the Dacians.
   Live in scattered villages at altitudes above 1,400 m, higher than any permanent settlements in Romania. Stone Land traditionally begins at Bistra, before Câmpeni, formerly called moţi or Topesdorf Topan by the Austrians, traditionally considered the capital and villages on the river River, to Turda (Lupşa, Salciuia, etc..) Are inhabited by shepherds. Moţi are also known to melt (in German ‘Die Zopfen’). In the past there was an administrative region under the name River Aries.
   Although called “Country”, the term (as Barsa Country, Oas Country, Fagaras County, Hateg Country, Country Zarand and Maramures), does not imply any political, social or administrative. But it is an archaic term that refers to a depression more or less isolated of the Carpathians. The region has a long history of resistance and struggle for political rights, economic and social, and movement that’s uprising Horea, Closca and Crisan (1784-1785) and the Transylvanian Romanian Revolution of 1848 had roots in the area.

   The area is well known for its folk traditions, great scenery and karst topography that produced more than 800 caves in the area, as Scărişoara Cave, Cave of the Living Fire (both interior glaciers) and the Bear Cave.

   Scărişoara Cave

   Glacier Cave Scărişoara or from shelters Scărişoara largest underground glacier in Romania. From here it comes, and the name comes from the glacier and the village Scărişoara Scărişoara located 16 km below, to which the administration in the days when he was baptized. Now owned by Garda de Sus village, Alba County.The road starts to cave in the village of Upper Guard, Aries valley located 32 km upstream Great Câmpeni (on DN75). Road emerges from the center of the bush Dry road that reached after about 1km, the mouth Ordâncuşa Valley. From here there are three variants. The first is the tourist trail marked with red cross, which first passes through the hamlet Mununa and after a journey of 10 km, reaching Scărişoara. The second possibility is represented by the valley Ordâncuşei paved road, 23 km. which leads to the hamlet glacier. Last and latest version is Garda Dry Valley. 2 km from the mouth Urdâncuşei Mununa starts a forest road by up to 12 km long glacier to Scarisoara.  The cave is located at 46 ° 29’23 “N 22 The cave is located at 46 ° 29’23 “N 22 ° 48’35” E / 46.48972, 22.80972.

   Bear Cave

   The name is due to the numerous cave fossils “of cave bears (Ursus spelaeus) found here. Cave was a place of shelter for these animals 15,000 years ago. In his old age, like many other mamaifere (ie. Elephant African) cave bear retreated to die in the same place as predecessors.The interior is distinguished by the diversity of existing formations of stalactites and stalagmites, and the impressive amount of traces and fossils of cave bear – Ursus spelaeus – who disappeared 15,000 years ago. Besides fossils were discovered by chamois, ibex, lion and hyena cave.

   With a length of 1500 meters, the cave consists of galleries located on two levels: first gallery, the upper length of 488 meters can be visited by tourists, and the second long, 521 meters is limited research scientific.

Turda Gorge

   Have a length of 2900 m and a height of walls up to 300 m Gorges occupies a 324 ha area were formed by erosion of Jurassic limestone rock by river Hasdat.
   Turda Gorge offers a karst landscape of rare wild: steep cliffs and high, sharp increases, stone towers, Valcele rock, detritus, etc. arches. Contains over 1,000 species of plants and animals, representing some rare items, like wild garlic, eagle rock, etc.

Old wooden church in Turda Gorge
in 1957
(Now dismantled)

Turda Gorge

“Cave of Balica” the Turda Gorge

View Hans Gora route


  A record here there are plenty to say but I leave you discover the beauty of my country.


2 responses to “Moti country

  1. Is close to my home (Arad, but I lived in Savarsin and Capalnas, almost at the end of Arad department), I seen almost all this zones but I never was at Bear Cave. The Moti people are real nice and good workers, and yes, nobody knows exactly the origin, for e isn’t an origin exact, is a mix, that’s so difficult to say exact, “exact” doesn’t apply there :).

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